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The past of a place such as Cordoba, a key city not only in the history but also in the prehistory of the peninsula, is difficult to sum up in a few words.
Of ancient origin, Cordoba stands on the site of an Iberian settlement, but it was not until Roman times that it began to play a major role in Spanish history. The city is believed to have been founded by Claudius Marcellus. During this period, it was the capital of the lower region of Roman Spain.
Cordoba's greatest glories came during the Moslem occupation, the city being both an independent Caliphate and the capital of Al Andalus with one million inhabitants.
The city was reconquered by Ferdinand III in 1236.
Luis de Gongora, poet.
Juan de Mena, poet and humanist.
Duque de Rivas, poet.
Julio Romero de Torres, painter
Pablo Garcia Baena, poet.