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The first settlements date back to prehistoric times.
Archaeological sites belonging to the Bronze Age and bell-shaped
pottery has been found in the AREA..
Numerous sties belonging to the Roman period have also been found, the names of which could have been Castra Gemina, Cilpe and Colonia Marcia.
During the period of Al-Andalus it was called Marssen"ah. The fortifications of the original settlement, part of which still exist, were built at that time.
The Christian reconquest was undertaken by Ferdinand III in 1240. In 1309 the village was given to Fernán Pérez Ponce de León.
During the 15th and 16th centuries, the Dukes of Arcos embellished the town. It was later handed over to the Dukes of Osuna ,at which time it lost its former splendour.
In the 19th century it became an independent municipality when feudal domains were abolished.
Francisco de Alvarado, Dominican philosopher.
Melchor de Marchena, guitarist.
Pepe Marchena, singer and song-writer.
Pepe Palanca, singer and song-writer.