Doñana

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Laura Moniche Bermejo link to here

2016-11-05

Maravilloso paraje, hay que visitarlo al menos una vez en la vida y mantenerlo virgen para el futuro.

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Doñana is a complex mosaic of landscapes forming a flat, clean horizon, a paradise for birds in the most important wetlands in Europe.

HAlfway between the provinces of Huelva, Seville and Cádiz, Doñana is now a labyrinth of land and water that shapes the marshes, spectacular lakes and channels, reserves and pine forests, streams and banks, dunes, beaches and cliffs. Bonanza, Gallega, Ribetehilos and El Lucio del Cangrejo are clear examples of the lagoons that dominate this area, providing shelter for thousands of birds.

Among the varied landscapes that also form part of Doñana are the moving dune systems that run between Matalascañas and the mouth of the Guadalquivir, over 25 kilometres of unspoilt beach and white sand; the fossil dunes of the Asperillo, over 30 metres tall; or on the beach, the cliffs with the same name, made of orange and ochre sandstone due to the rich iron oxide waters that flow through the chorritos.

 

General information

Extension: 53385 hectares Date of declaration: 28/07/1989 Environmental units:The Atlantic coast of Andalusia Routes:Huelva by the TransAndalus
Quality marks:European Charter for Sustainable TourismReserva de la Biosfera

Fauna and flora

Whereas the lagoons are dominated by plants adapted to this habitat, such as reeds and rush, the further away you get, you will find other species more related to banks and river channels. First of all are the cork trees, alongside strawberry plants and palm trees, among others, followed by the blood-red willow, an endemic of the Tertiary period, which make up amazing forests next to the royal fern, ash, white poplar, sarsaparillas and honeysuckle,… The union of very different ecosystems is the main reason that Doñana is a true paradise for birds, as it has over 120 species of so-called aviaries: a real explosion of sound, colour and life.

The fertile ground gives way to magnificent forests of stone pine, such as Coto del Rey, El Abalario or the Pinar de La Algaida, which share their habitat with the black mountains - myrtle, mastic, Moorish rock rose, rosemary, thyme, lavender, white and yellow rock rose, as the more humid land changes to higher and dryer land. This is where two of the most valued species live, the Iberian lynx and the imperial eagle, as well as other mammals, reptiles and birds.

Stabilizing the coastal dunes are plants that can handle a dryer and windier atmosphere, with the sand and salt, also known as unkempted forest , which include juniper, savins and marram grass.

What to do

The extreme environmental importance of this territory adds to the quality of the experience. The broad network of trails is an excellent way to discover the qualities of this protected are, either hiking or on bike. These allow you to access excellent riverbank forests along the Acebrón path, bird watch following the route of La Rocina, which has observatories for this purpose, or follow pleasant cycling routes, such as the one that crosses the Matalascañas and another that starts in the forest village of Cabazudos. Meanwhile, birdwatching possibilities, with or without guide, are outstanding.

Others options that have been specially designed under the control of the administration of the protected area are outings in 4x4s with bi-lingual guides, where you can discover the countryside and its traditional uses, such as beekeeping, forestry, fishing, hunting and chickadee, which also reveals the dwellings of coal merchants and other forest towns that are dotted around the area, such as Bodegones, El Abalorio o Los Cabezudos-.

You can also sail in the Fernando Royal Ship, which sails down the Guadalquivir from Sanlúcar. Other very unique events include the “mare show", or saca de yeguas, which has been held every year in Almonte for over five centuries; the palatial mansion of Acebrón, with shows the day to day runnings of this natural space, with special dedication to the El Rocío pilgrimage, the most important in Spain; and the coastal watchtowers, such as Carboneros, Zalabar and Pico del Loro, all built in the 16th century as a defence against pirates and corsairs.

Sports:Multi-adventure activities, Off-road vehicles, Hiking

Interest Points

  • Salinas de Salmar
  • Laguna de Tarelo
  • Lucio del Cangrejo

Information services

Services and Infrastructures

Aula de NaturalezaRutas 4x4MiradorObservatorio de avesGuía IntérpreteTourist Office

Contact data

Location

Address: Centro administrativo El Acebuche - Matalascañas (Almonte)
Postal code:21760
Provinces:Huelva, Sevilla, Cádiz

Trails

  • El sendero Cerro del Águila permite asistir al encuentro de los dominios del mar y la tierra, aquellos en los que la industria salinera ha prosperado. Ofrece otear dunas fósiles, apreciar las sutilezas de una vegetación que tiñe de matices verdes este itinerario o apreciar distintos chozos marismeños.

    Trayecto: circular.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 4700 meters Duration: 1.5 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Desde Sanlúcar de Barrameda se toma hacia Bonanza, en dirección norte, la CA-9027. Pasada La Algaida, a unos 100 metros, se inicia el sendero.

  • To download brochure, click here.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 2100 meters Duration: 1 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Desde la carretera A-483, se toma la salida que indica La Rocina y El Acebrón. Una vez sobrepasado el centro de visitantes La Rocina, continuamos 7 kilómetros por la H-9023 hasta que accedemos al aparcamiento del Palacio del Acebrón.

  • El carril bici El Arrayán discurre paralelo a la pista forestal asfaltada del Arrayán que comunica el municipio de Hinojos y la aldea de El Rocío (Almonte). Finaliza en el área recreativa El Arrayán.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 5700 meters Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Se accede a través de la carretera A-484, sentido Almonte, una vez pasado el municipio de Hinojos. El inicio del equipamiento se encuentra señalizado en esta carretera.

  • El sendero La Laguna del Jaral asciende por la gran duna fósil del Asperillo y conduce al mar y al acantilado, monumento natural. Se conocerán los auténticos protagonistas de la conquista de este suelo móvil, hoy detenido por el efecto de sus raíces: plantas que resisten el azote de los vientos cargados de arena y de sal.

    Trayecto: circular.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 5200 meters Duration: 2 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Desde Matalascañas se toma la A-494 en sentido noroeste hacia Mazagón. A unos 7 km. se inicia el sendero en el margen izquierdo de la carretera.

  • To download brochure, click here.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 5400 meters Duration: 1.5 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Circulando por la carretera A-483, El Rocío- Matalascañas, se toma la salida del kilómetro 12 que indica El Acebuche. Continuando aproximadamente dos kilómetros por una pista asfaltada se llegará al centro de visitantes El Acebuche, en cuyo patio se encuentra el inicio de este trazado.

  • El sendero El Huerto y Las Pajas discurre por una serie de circuitos consecutivos que sortean los canales a través de pasarelas. Varios ramales lineales llevan hasta observatorios destinados a contemplar la fauna. El sendero discurre en su totalidad por los cotos, un sistema formado por espesos matorrales de composición heterogénea en el que sobresalen pequeños bosquetes de pino piñonero con pies dispersos de sabinas.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 2300 meters Duration: 1 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Comienza el sendero junto al último observatorio por la izquierda del sendero de la laguna del Acebuche.

  • El sendero Ribetehilo recorre un rosario de lagunas que marca encuentro de dos sustratos geológicos diferentes. La cómoda pasarela de madera nos permite conocer una de esas lagunas, la del Galápago, y una vegetación formada por un mar de pinos piñoneros y monte blanco. Alcornoques, madroños y retamas están sustituyendo a los eucaliptos de reforestación.

    Trayecto: circular.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 2400 meters Duration: 0.5 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Desde Almonte por la HU-4200, en sentido suroeste, se llega a Los Cabezudos. Se cruza este poblado forestal y se sigue por el carril hacia El Abalario. Se encontrará el inicio del sendero a unos 5 km.

  • To download brochure, click here.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 3800 meters Duration: 1.5 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    En la carretera A-483, que une la Aldea del Rocío con el núcleo de Matalascañas, se toma la salida que indica La Rocina y El Acebrón. Nada más salir de la carretera, junto al aparcamiento, encontramos el centro de visitantes y a su lado el sendero.

  • El sendero Cuesta Maneli permite recorrer la duna del Asperillo hasta llegar al acantilado, declarado monumento natural por su alto valor geológico y ecológico. Puede apreciarse como la vegetación ha contribuido la fosilización de esta duna.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 1300 meters Duration: 0.3 hours Difficulty: media-baja

    how to arrive

    Desde Matalascañas se toma la A-494 en sentido noroeste hacia Mazagón. A unos 30 km el sendero se inicia en el margen izquierdo de la carretera.

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