Sierra de Castril

Sierra de Castril Type: Nature park Province: Granada Municipality: Castril
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Sierra de Castril
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Sierra de Castril
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Along the sunny slopes of Sierra de Cazorla and north of the province of Granada, Sierra de Castril rotates around the water axis of the river that gives its name to the mountains. A stream that, like a huge inverted funnel, irrigates water and land from the highest peaks, where they surpass two thousand metres, spilling orchards along the high plateau of Granada.

The different rock along which the waters run will condition the resulting landscape. This way, the peaks are dominated by the Los Prados del Conde lapiaces, sink-holes, and the ephemeral lakes in La Torca de Fuenfría and La Laguna, which give way in the middle of its course to wide and deep valleys in the main one, while its tributaries carve vertical ravines, beautiful enclosed and spectacular waterfalls of La Magdalena and Lézar. Arriving to the town of Castril, the river, dammed at El Portillo, later spills along a row of highly colourful orchards before becomes lost in the dryness of the plateau.

General information

Extension: 12696 hectares Date of declaration: 28/07/1989 Environmental units:Alta Montaña Bética mountain Routes:Granada by the TransAndalus, Cerro del Buitre - PR-A 349 Trail
Quality marks:ISO 14001:2004

Fauna and flora

In the mid-mountain, with abundant gorges and rocky crags, oak and maple forests lead, at lower heights and depths, to padded plants like the Adenocarpus Hispanicus and a pasture which alternates with small forests of salgareño pine, juniper and holm juniper, wild rose and barberry. This is where is the greatest number of endemic species appear on the cracks - Cazorla violet, Cazorla aquiline, daisy of Castril and a rare jaramago, the Vella castrilensis and the blanquizares, dolomite thyme. The fauna is quite abundant because mammals, reptiles and birds of the mid-mountain are at the same height as wild goats, bearded vulture, golden eagle and short-toed eagle, and some small birds - northern wheatear and black redstart - that feed on rare insects that find shelter in the stone cracks, like the Capricorn beetle.

When the river loses exuberance, a picturesque valley of fruits and vegetables surround a riverbank forest comprising willows, ash trees and poplars whose waters are home to common trout, otters and a cohort of water birds: kingfisher, white-throated dipper, Eurasian wren, grey wagtail and heron. The presence of singular trees is interesting, like the aceral of the gorge of Canalejas, Mediterranean hackberry of the Tunisia stream, the ancient yew tree of La Osa, the Aleppo pine of Los Madroñales and the pine tree of the Chirimbolo country house.

What to do

Mountain hiking, biking or mountaineering find an ideal setting here, because among the eleven signposted trails is a high-mountain one, like that of Cerro del Buitre. Gorges, crags and caves offer tools adapted for those who prefer climbing, abseiling, canyoning and caving. The Don Fernando Cave, longest of Granada, or Muerto en Sierra Seca Cave, are excellent examples. The El Portillo reservoir also offers the possibility of practising various water activities, such as kayaking and canoeing, or catch-and-release fishing of trout in an upstream trout reserve.

As to cultural visits, the monuments of Castril, Historic Site, as well as more everyday cultural aspects, such as farmsteads and vegetable gardens protected by their denomination as Sites of Ethnological Interest, are appealing options. There are also many spectacular water features, such as Las Tres Piedras mill and La Virgen museum, the old La Cerrada houses of light and El Nacimiento, or the amazing Fuente de los Tubos in the village of Martín

The breeding, under the symbol of Protected Geographical Indication, of lamb, main ingredient of local gastronomy, or the attempts to recover the art of glass blowing, an art that marked the historic progression of the town during the Modern Age of international importance, are some other examples of the cultural footprint of this nature area.

Sports:Climbing, Mountaineering, Canyoning, Hiking, Off-road vehicles, Kayaking, Horse riding, Multi-adventure activities

Interest Points

  • Nacimiento del río Castril
  • Barranco de la Osa
  • Peña de Castril
  • Cueva de Don Fernando
  • Prados del Conde
  • Riscas del Corralón

Information services

2 - Sport facilities >

Services and Infrastructures

Rutas 4x4MiradorGuía IntérpreteBotanical GardenTourist Office

Contact data

Location

Address: Calle Joaquina Eguaras, 2 - Edificio Almanjayar, Granada
Postal code:18071
Municipality:Castril
Province:Granada

Trails

  • El sendero Puente de Lézar permite adentrarse durante el trayecto en una antigua chopera que ofrece una buena muestra de vegetación de ribera representada fundamentalmente por diferentes tipos de sauces, juncos y fresnos.

    Trayecto: circular.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 600 meters Duration: 0.2 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    El sendero parte del nuevo puente de Lézar, al que se accede mediante la pista que nos introduce en el parque natural y que finaliza en el Cortijo del Nacimiento.

  • El sendero Cerrada de Lézar conduce a la Cerrada de Lézar y sus impresionantes paredes de roca caliza que albergan una interesante muestra de vida vegetal y animal. En el camino se podrá apreciar  la espléndida panorámica del valle del Castril.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 1800 meters Duration: 1 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Hasta Castril por la A-326 (Pozo Alcón-Huéscar). Allí se toma la pista forestal que va a los cortijos del Nacimiento. 500 m después de cruzar el primer puente y aproximadamente en el km 8 de dicha pista, comienza este sendero.

  • El sendero Nacimiento del Río Castril discurre parejo al constante rumor del agua hasta las imponentes surgencias y manantiales donde nace el río Castril. En el camino gran cantidad de aves, truchas y nutrias acompañan.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 2400 meters Duration: 1 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Hasta Castril por la A-326 (Pozo Alcón-Huéscar). Allí se toma la pista forestal que va a Cortijos del Nacimiento, punto de inicio del sendero.

  • El sendero Cortijo del Nacimiento-Prados del Conde asciende a la parte alta del parque, cuyas máximas cotas ascienden hasta los exclusivos prados de montaña.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 12300 meters Duration: 5 hours Difficulty: media-alta

    how to arrive

    Hasta Castril por la A-326 (Pozo Alcón-Huéscar). Desde allí se toma la pista forestal que va a cortijos del Nacimiento, punto de inicio del sendero.

  • El sendero Cerro del Buitre va a coronar una de las máximas cotas del parque natural: el pico del Buitre (2.020 m). El recorrido da a conocer los pinares de alta montaña, así como los piornales y matorrales, en muchos casos exclusivos de estas serranías subbéticas. La cumbre ofrece magníficas panorámicas.

    Trayecto: circular.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 10700 meters Duration: 5 hours Difficulty: media-alta

    how to arrive

    En el km 4 de la carretera A-326 (Pozo Alcón- Huéscar), dirección Pozo Alcón, tras una curva cerrada, se toma a la derecha el camino de los Madroñales. Este carril presenta dos cruces: en el primero se gira a la izquierda, y el siguiente a la derecha, hasta llegar al cortijo de los Quemados, donde se continúa hasta coronar el collado del Laude y llegar el punto de inicio del sendero.

  • El sendero Cerrada de la Magdalena discurre a través de un bosque mediterráneo, ofreciendo amplias panorámicas de un paisaje calizo en el que destaca la exuberancia del bosque de la ribera. Al final del trayecto la espectacular visión de la Cerrada de la Magdalena.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 1600 meters Duration: 1 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Hasta Castril por la A-326 (Pozo Alcón-Huéscar). Desde allí se toma el carril del Nacimiento o del río Castril, pasando el campamento turístico El Cortijillo. 1 km más adelante se cruza el puente de Pino Hermoso, punto de inicio del sendero.

  • El sendero Barranco de la Osa ofrece un precioso recorrido por el entorno del nacimiento de Río Castril. Artesanos bancales de huerta y altos farallones llevan al nacimiento y, después,  a la Cueva de la Osa y a un tejo centenario en perfecto estado.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 7500 meters Duration: 4 hours Difficulty: media

    how to arrive

    Para acceder a este sendero hay que llegar a los cortijos del Nacimiento, al final del carril que parte desde Castril en dirección a este paraje.

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54236 /en/destinations/tourism_content_info/50/54236/?lang=en 37.8771022876 -2.76512142871 Sierra de Castril Click to zoom and see more nature areas places /media/icons/naturearea_icon_map_cluster.png /media/icons/naturearea_icon_map.png 28 23 14 28 1
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