Sierra Alhamilla

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Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
photo photo
Paraje Natural Sierra Alhamilla
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Sierra Alhamilla Natural Space forms a part, along with Sierras de Gádor and Cabrera, of the coastal Baetic System. This is a mid-mountain area northwest of the city of Almeria, between the wastelands of the Tabernas Desert and the Bay of Almeria. To the south it borders the Valle Bajo of the Andarax and the Campo de Níjar.

Its relief, which is hilly but with steep slopes, is the result of the erosion of a geology comprising schist and quartzite, where water sources have played an important role, like at the historic baths of Sierra Alhamilla. This mountainous massif acts as a large lung that oxygenates the devastated surrounding plains.

As an important point in the establishment of the first settlers in the province (the populations of Los Millares and El Argar), its name denotes the notable influence the Moorish period had on its history. In addition, it provides extremely valuable shelter for numerous plants and animals that have found the ideal place to survive in this oasis against the harshness and hostility of the environment. The diversity of species has led to this natural area to be included as a Special Protection Area for Birds (SPA) by the European Union.

Regarding its plants, a great mass of holm oaks is worth mentioning. They are the remains of the vegetation that in the past and in other climate conditions probably covered most of the province of Almería. Nowadays, these holm oaks are confined to this mountainous island due to the extremely arid conditions that surround them. The holm-oak wood of its peaks is complemented by scrubland, with flax-leaved daphne, common madder, thyme, marjoram and rockrose that, along with kermes oaks, constitute the usual vegetation when it deteriorates. At lower levels are communities of black hawthorn, olive trees and mastic. As introduced elements, the populations of conifers are notable, including those carried out with the Aleppo pine and the maritime pine.

In terms of wildlife, it is worth noting the presence of foxes, genets, boars, badgers and weasels, and emphasising the diversity and uniqueness of the area's birds, especially birds of prey: Bonelli's eagle, the golden eagle, lesser kestrel, peregrine falcon and eagle-owl. In general, the foot of the mountains is an area of exceptional importance for populations of steppe birds, including the unique trumpeter finch.

General information

Extension: 8500 hectares Date of declaration: 28/07/1989 Environmental units:Arid Andalusian Southeast

What to do

Sports:Climbing, Caving, Mountaineering, Orienteering, Hiking, Mountain biking, Off-road vehicles, Multi-adventure activities

Interest Points

  • Cerro Alfaro, visible desde gran parte de la geografía almeriense, se trata de paraje lleno de belleza florística, cortados desafiantes y restos marinos. Donde habitan cabras salvajes, jabalíes, garduñas, tejones y zorros. A la entrada del desierto de Tabernas y a las faldas de sierra Alhamilla, pertenece al municipio de Rioja.

    Desde su cima se divisa el Desierto de Tabernas, Sierra Nevada, el macizo de Los Filabres, la Sierra de de Gádor, la de Alhamilla y el mar.

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    Huebro, situado en la ladera sureste de la sierra, catapulta al viajero directamente al pasado. Así lo ponen de manifiesto los molinos de agua que jalonan la rica vega, que separa este pueblo de la villa Níjar; o sus calles, que permiten saborear a cada momento su origen islámico.

    Municipality:Níjar
    Province:Almería
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    La Granatilla, como es conocido popularmente, aunque también aparece bajo el nombre de El Joyazo o El Hollazo, es una primitiva caldera volcánica que ofrece uno de los espectáculos geológicos más singulares de la provincia de Almería. Sus paredes interiores aíslan a un recinto casi circular de unos 2 km de diámetro, salpicado por multitud de conos de eyección donde se acumulan cenizas, cuarzos, granates, cristales y otros minerales volcánicos, entre los que destaca por su rareza la cordierita.

    Municipality:Níjar
    Province:Almería
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    1-2.3971138085236.9608581905/media/img/viewpoint_map_ico.jpg28231428

    Los Baños de Sierra Alhamilla están situado en la parte más occidental de la vertiente sur de la sierra. Sus aguas minero-medicinales, que emanan a una temperatura de 57º C, fueron declaradas de utilidad pública el 12 de abril de 1838. Se ha rehabilitado el primitivo balneario, que aparece rodeado por un hermoso palmeral.

    Municipality:Pechina
    Province:Almería
  • google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP12-2.1593198861336.98248181851
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    El megalítico Embalse de Isabel II, inaugurado en 1840 por la propia reina, pretendía convertir en regadíos a los secanos del Marquesado de Campohemoso. La presa, construida por medio de piedras de cantería, fue sin duda una de las mayores obras de ingeniería de la época. Sin embargo, su lecho quedó anegado por lodos y barros, antes que concluyese el siglo XIX.

    Municipality:Níjar
    Province:Almería
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    La minería de hierro y plomo ha sido uno de los aprovechamientos históricos más recientes. Durante el siglo XX se llegó a construir una línea férrea que comunicaba la población de Lucainena de las Torres con Aguamarga, donde se procedía al cargamento del mineral en barcos que se acercaban a la línea de costa. Precisamente la primera localidad conserva multitud de restos de esta importante y efímera industria, destacando una curiosa formación de hornos de fundición que, con el aspecto de torreones de vigilancia, se yerguen al margen de la carretera comarcal que une a Lucainena con Turrillas; entre las escorias de mineral aún se encuentran piritas de hierro de curiosa y rara cristalización.

    Province:Almería

Information services

More information

+ information Sierra Alhamilla.

Services and Infrastructures

Tourist Office

Contact data

Location

Trails

  • El sendero Sierra Alhamilla Al-20 discurre por un bosque de encinas, bien conservado, que representa un pulmón de oxígeno para la provincia. Cabe, también señalar la casi nula presencia de núcleos de población dentro del espacio, solamente algunos cortijos aislados que le dan al área un aspecto natural. Existen, además, amplias perspectivas de las limítrofes zonas secas de Tabernas y los Campos de Níjar.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Trail Information

    Duration: 5 hours Difficulty: media-baja

Map

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54351 /en/destinations/tourism_content_info/50/54351/?lang=en 36.9959721908 -2.34901426465 Sierra Alhamilla Click to zoom and see more nature areas places /media/icons/naturearea_icon_map_cluster.png /media/icons/naturearea_icon_map.png 28 23 14 28 1
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