Cádiar, on the banks of river Guadalfeo, is according to the hispanist Gerald Brenan, the central point of the Alpujarra in Granada, a unique area in the peninsula, natural step between the Mediterranean coast and Sierra Nevada, where the upper peaks of Spain rise.
Cádiar and its diverse landscape are places to visit in the route to the Alpujarra.
In the municipal area, visitors can see the old farmhouses of Arab Andalusian origin, Narila and Yátor; and the agro-tourist centre called Alquería de Morayma.
The history of Cadiar runs in parallel history to other villages in Alpujarra, an area that due to its geographical isolation, has always developed a culture of its own, which had its moment of splendour under the Arab Andalusian period when all of the Alpujarra was an important agricultural centre, specializing in silk production.
After the Christian re-conquest of Granada in 1492 by the Catholic Monarchs, the population suffered to an unbearable extreme and thus, in 1568, Hernando de Córdoba y Válor, a rich landowner proclaimed himself as Abén Humeya, uprising against Phillip ll, causing a general revolt amongst the Moors from all over the kingdom of Granada.
According to oral tradition, it was somewhere in this municipality where Abén Humeya proclaimed himself the leader of the rebels.
Internal disagreements amongst the Moors, who murdered Abén Humeya in 1569, allowed Don Juan de Austria to put an end to the revolt.
The Moors were eventually expelled in 1609.
The Alpujarra was later inhabited by peasants from Galicia, León, Asturias and Castile.
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