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The village belongs to the Úbeda region and is situated on the hills of the same name, among olive groves, cereal fields and vineyards. Its picturesque town centre is made up of a collection of genuinely traditional whitewashed houses. The village boasts the Parish Church of Santa Marí­a la Mayor and the Torres Oscuras, the remains of the fortress of Pero Gil.

Part of its municipal district is included in the Sierras de Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas National Park, the largest protected natural space in Spain: an orographic labyrinth of valleys, calares, gorges, mountains and flat lands of enormous hydrological importance (due to the numerous rivers and streams which spring within the Park); of great botanical importance (different varieties of pine trees and a lot of endemic species); it is also important aesthetically and from a wildlife point of view. Because of this it is one of the most visited and frequented natural spaces in the country.


The village was founded by the Phoenicians.
It reached great importance during Roman times.
The fortress was reconstructed during the al-Andalus period.
King Fernando III reconquered the village in 1231, and made one of his captains, Pero Gil de Zatico, lord of it. One of his successors supported Pedro I in his fight for the throne and, in 1368, when King Enrique II de Trastamara became King, he deprived him of his lands. The Lord of the village was beheaded together with Pedro I in 1369.
The village belonged to Ubeda"s jurisdiction until 1635, when it gained its independence. Ubeda refused to recognize this and began a long legal battle which lasted until 1771, during King Carlos III"s reign.
The title of Village was given in thanks for its inhabitants" participation in the War of Independence.

Eminent citizens

Juan Gaitán, sailor.
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