Sierra Nevada

Sierra Nevada
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Sierra Nevada, or Sulayr, Mountain of the Sun as it was called by the Muslims, rises up between the provinces of Granada and Almeria like a giant and compact massif with fifteen peaks of over 3,000 metres, including the Mulhacén (3,482 metres), the highest point on the Iberian Peninsula.

When seen from the north, from the Granadabasin, it creates a spectacular horizon of hilly peaks marked by glacial erosion dating back to the Quaternary period, the southernmost in Europe. They hide a unique, spectacular landscape of deep valleys, cirques, lakes, lateral moraines and ridges, such as Laguna de la Caldera. The mountains have snow almost all year round, which melts in late spring to feed not only the many famous baths and spas, such as Lanjarón, but also an extensive, colossal and historic network of irrigation channels that run through La Alpujarra… region; or the veritable spider's web of rivers and streams that form the backbone of eastern Andalusia, such as the Genil, Andarax, Guadalfeo and Guadiana Menor.

This natural space as rightly been declared a Unesco Biosphere Reserve and is home to over 2,100 plant species, including the endangered Arenaria nevadensis, Laserpitium longiradium and yew. High in the mountains, you'll find plants that are perfectly suited to cope with the harsh conditions, such as junipers, broom and barberry, and many endemic species that shelter in cracks among the rocks, most notably the Sierra Nevada violet and Plantago nivalis (a local species of plantain), both of which can only be found in this region. The area's rich biodiversity includes some 2,000 species of arthropod, 300 of which are unique to this massif, such as the Sierra Nevada cicada. Particularly noteworthy are the butterflies, including the Mountain apollo, the Sierra Nevada Blue and the Nevada Grayling. The fauna high up in the mountains is especially unique and includes snow voles, alpine accentors, northern wheatears, Eurasian skylarks and black redstarts. The rocky crags provide a perfect habitat for rock thrushes, red-billed choughs and Spanish wild goats, while soaring high above you can spot golden eagles, griffon vultures and even partridges, who often dare to live at 3000 metres above sea level.
Nature Areas
National Park
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Points of interest

Coordinates not available

Services and infrastructure

  • Botanical Garden
  • Tourist Office

Target audiences

Seniors, Lgbti, Friends, I travel alone, For families, young people, Couples, deal


Culture, Nature, Sports, Gastronomy, Leisure and fun


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Type of activity

Mountaineering, Skiing and snowboarding, Free Flying, Hot air ballooning, Caving, Off-road vehicles, Biking, Hiking, Orienteering

Quality brands

-, European Charter for Sustainable Tourism, ISO 14001:2004

Environmental units

Alta Montaña Bética mountain

Statement date

14 / 01 / 1999

Area (m2)