Bahía de Cádiz

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Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
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photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
photo photo
Parque natural Bahía de Cádiz
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The first impression that the Bay of Cadiz natural park gives is of a complex, disorganised landscape, which transforms on impulse Nothing could be further from the truth: water, sun, wind and man gallop at the same rhythm in an area that depicts the perfect harmony between land and sea.

To the northeast of the capital this shallow maritime bay, formerly an ancient estuary that received waters from the Guadalete and San Pedro rivers, occupies a large intertidal extension - marshes of the Peninsula Toruños Marsh, Sancti Petri and Trocadero Island- surrounded by a complex system of salt mines- Arillo River, spouts - Sancti Petri, Zurraque, Trocadero-, estuaries and small lagoons. Some exceptional beaches, such as Levante, Camposoto and The Cap-, have more than 3,000 hours of sunshine and are the best of this natural area.

General information

Extension: 10522 hectares Date of declaration: 28/07/1989 Environmental units:The Atlantic coast of Andalusia Routes:IE-023 Puerto Real - La Carrascosa, Wine and Marco de Jerez Brandy Route
Quality marks:European Charter for Sustainable Tourism

Fauna and flora

The water, which passes through spouts and estuaries flooding the bay at intervals, the wind and the salt are contributing factors of the predominant vegetation. Cord grass, glasswort or maritime purslane, among others, have an important presence, whilst in the transition of the marshland into firm land there are grasses such as rostraria and barren brome On the intertidal plains, rich in nutrients, there are submerged meadows of gracilaria and algae, such as ulva linza and the sea lettuce. These seafloors, rich in food, half way between The Strait and the Doñana marshes, play an important role in the migratory movements of birds, enabling many birds to winter on the coast: mud-dwelling birds, waders, seagulls, anatidae, coots and water pullets, osprey, common and little terns, with the largest colonies of the Iberian Peninsula, and increasingly larger numbers of cormorant, are good examples. Shellfish also plays an important role in the waters of the Bay of Cadiz, giving rise to one of the most traditional activities of this land.

The dunes, both moving or established, allow for the presence of a great botanical variety, such as marram grass, spiny thrift and broom; while in its surroundings there are pine forests, like those of Algaida and Los Toruños, where the stone pine shelters an undergrowth able to withstand the winds and salty atmosphere. These forests are a sanctuary for birds such as blackbirds, robins, owls and kestrels, as well as for chameleons, amphibians and mammals like the European hedgehog and the dormouse.

What to do

The sea and wind have created the perfect setting to enjoy boat ride around the bay or fly over the waves practising windsurfing on its many good beaches. Similarly, you can enter the depths of the sea by practicing snorkelling or by kayaking down by the spouts and discover the rich natural and ethnographic heritage that they contain, given that in the 18th century there were up to 143 salt mines and a good number of tide mills. With feet on firm land, its seven trails signposted, among which the Dolores Salt mine, or Punta del Anchoviesallow you to enjoy the Bay of Cadiz, whether on foot, horseback or bike. Some of them, such as Arillo River, with its observation posts and viewpoints, allow the interesting fauna that populates the place to be observed.

On the other hand, for those who like to discover the nooks and crannies of the region, there is the possibility of visiting a working salt mine, take part in traditional fishing practices in the estuaries (San Vicente Salt Mine, San Fernando) or discover its deep roots, because we must not forget that Cadiz it is home to the oldest city in the Western Mediterranean. The temple of Astarte in La Caleta, the Phoenician necropolises located in the foothills of the Sierra de San Cristóbal, the temple of Melqart on the islet of Sancti Petri, and the Roman necropolis of Cadiz, its theatre and the aqueduct are all good examples of this. The harsh siege that the capital suffered during the Napoleonic War has Batería de Urrutia as another example

Sports:Climbing, Water skiing, Kitesurfing, Hiking, Off-road vehicles, Sailing, Free Flying, Canyoning, Surfing, Mountain biking, Diving, Horse riding, Multi-adventure activities, Bungee jumping, Orienteering, Kayaking, Windsurfing

Interest Points

  • Dunas de San Antón
  • Torres Vigía
  • Observatorio de los Eucaliptos
  • Observatorio Tres Amigos
  • Observatorio Río Arillo
  • Mirador Salina Dolores

Information services

Services and Infrastructures

MiradorObservatorio de avesGuía IntérpreteBotanical GardenTourist Office

Contact data

Location

Address: Calle Coghen, 3 - San Fernando
Postal code:11100
Province:Cádiz

Trails

  • El sendero Salinas La Esperanza nos muestra uno de los paisajes más característicos de la actividad económica tradicional de la bahía de Cádiz hasta mediados del siglo veinte: las salinas.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 900 meters Duration: 0.3 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    El acceso se realiza en la rotonda del Puente Melchor por la vía de servicio del tren, en Puerto Real, donde se ubica la salina de Molinete.

  • El sendero Tres Amigos-Río Arillo aprovecha la estructura de la antigua Salina de Tres Amigos para acercarnos a una de las zonas de mayor interés ornitológico del parque natural Bahía de Cádiz.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 3200 meters Duration: 1.1 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Desde San Fernando se toma la carretera a la playa de Camposoto. Frente al cuartel hay un eucaliptal donde se inicia el sendero.

  • El sendero Los Toruños nos ofrece un recorrido por el Parque Metropolitano Marisma de los Toruños, las marismas mejor conservadas de todo el espacio natural protegido.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 5200 meters Duration: 2 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    En la urbanización de la playa de Valdelagrana (Puerto de Santa María) dirigirse a la Venta el Macka. A unos 500 metros de dicha venta está el inicio del sendero, cerca del colegio público Guadalete.

  • El sendero Salinas Dolores dibuja un recorrido llano por el río Arillo y su encuentro con la Bahía de Cádiz. Nos acerca a las antiguas explotaciones salineras, hoy convertidas en vivero de abundantes especies. Numerosas aves acuáticas nos acompañarán a lo largo de este sendero.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 3100 meters Duration: 1.3 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Desde San Fernando se toma el carril que parte cerca del centro comercial Bahía Sur, en dirección a la estación de aguas residuales. Pasado el río Arillo girar a la derecha donde aparece un cartel de inicio.

  • El sendero Salina de Carboneros discurre por una zona de elevado interés ecológico y paisajístico, lo que le concede una importancia singular como zona para la nidificación, reposo y alimentación de numerosas aves acuáticas.

    Trayecto: circular.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 3100 meters Duration: 1 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    El acceso se realiza a través de la carretera de la playa de la Barrosa a la altura de la urbanización de Las Mogarizas, antes de llegar a la Venta del Popeye.

  • El sendero Pinar La Algaida-Salinas los Desamparados permite un recorrido por estos dos ecosistemas bien diferenciados. Las salinas, una curiosa manera de cosechar la mar, reconvertidas en muchos casos en explotaciones de cultivos marinos.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 6100 meters Duration: 2 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Desde Puerto Real dirigirse al campus universitario, junto a la facultad de Ciencias se inicia el sendero (entrada sur del Parque Metropolitano Marisma de los Toruños y Pinar de La Algaida).

  • El sendero Punta del Boquerón permite conocer dos ecosistemas muy diferentes entre sí pero que conviven en estrecho contacto: las dunas y las marismas. La Punta del Boquerón, declarada Monumento Natural, ofrece también un importante patrimonio histórico: la batería Urrutia y el cercano castillo de Sancti Petri.

    Trayecto: lineal.

    Para descargar folleto, pulse aquí.

    Trail Information

    Lenght: 2600 meters Duration: 0.5 hours Difficulty: baja

    how to arrive

    Hay que llegar a la playa de Camposoto, al sur de San Fernando. Justo donde concluye el paseo marítimo comienza este sendero, dejando a la izquierda las salinas de La Carabela y una granja de cultivos acuícolas.

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