Sierra de Baza

Sierra de Baza
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Unaffected by the arid steppe surrounding it, the Baza Sierra rises up to the sky as a colossus which monopolises the waters that the plain rejects shelters them in his heart.

Located to the northeast of Granada, it majestically rises above the depressions of Guadix and Baza, reaching heights of over 2,000 metres.

Inside there are sharp contrasts, as it comprises high mountain areas and very harsh winters that gallop across the steppe plains of the Altiplano; floors of slate, quartzite and marble that freely drain their river channels to the depression of Baza, while at the limestone rock, water penetrates its interior forming a magnificent aquifer that emerges, in the plains, through springs and spas whose best example is found in the Spa at Zújar, at the feet of the Jabalcón mountains.

On the lower slopes, when the plateau gives rise to the mountains and the crops decrease, appear patches of holm oaks that have resisted human action. On higher slopes, when the humidity is evident, oaks alternate with oak maple and gall oak, deciduous trees accompanied by whitebeams, yews and honeysuckle. On the lower levels are jays and birds of the steppe -larks and wheatears- which in the mid-mountain gives way to the largest concentration of fauna: great tits and other insectivorous birds, larks, goshawks and a wide range of mammals: deer, fox, wild cat and genet. On the peaks, limestone and clayey soil house the most unusual and endemic flora, a native wild pine that shares the territory with black pine, creeping plants and broom, which better withstand the rigours of these heights: creeping and forest junipers, tracts of broom, dolomite thyme, Phoenicean juniper, oil juniper, prickly juniper, carrasquilla, black thorn and white-leaved cistus. This is the area under the domain of the great birds of prey, like the real and short-toed eagles. Another group is the invertebrates, especially butterflies - Baza butterfly, which was believed extinct since 1993, priora and malacosoma-, damselflies and dragonflies; as well as amphibians: common toad and the endemic Betica midwife toad.
Nature Areas
Nature park
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Points of interest

Coordinates not available
Sierra de Baza
Calle Joaquina Eguaras, Edificio Almanjayar, Granada, 2, 18071
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Services and infrastructure

  • Tourist Office

Target audiences

Friends, For families, I travel alone, Lgbti, young people, Seniors, Couples


Leisure and fun, Culture, Nature, Sports

Type of activity

Off-road vehicles, Kayaking, Orienteering, Mountaineering, Horse riding, Canyoning, Climbing, Multi-adventure activities, Biking, Hot air ballooning, Hiking, Caving

Quality brands

ISO 14001:2004

Environmental units

Arid Andalusian Southeast

Statement date

28 / 07 / 1989

Area (m2)